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指示语的认知模型解析(Toward a Cognitive Model of Deixis)
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指示语的认知模型解析(Toward a Cognitive Model of Deixis)

  • 作者:李洁红
  • 出版社:科学出版社
  • ISBN:9787030228024
  • 出版日期:2008年01月01日
  • 页数:137
  • 定价:¥35.00
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    • 出版社
    • ISBN
      9787030228024
    • 作者
    • 页数
      137
    • 出版时间
      2008年01月01日
    • 定价
      ¥35.00
    • 所属分类
    内容提要
    语言中普遍存在的指示现象是语言学研究的重要课题。传统研究已经对指示现象进行了非常详细的描写,但仍然缺乏系统的理论框架。近几年指示语的认知研究虽然开辟了新的途径,但这些研究大多侧重个别指示现象,或者只强调指示语的经验解释。基于此,本研究建立了一个指示语认知模型,形象地描写指示的认知过程并据此揭示指示现象的本质。,该模型的建立不仅能发展指示理论,同时为人工智能理解指示语提供准备,具有理论意义和实用价值。
    通过分析形成指示现象的认知机制,即视角及视角转移、概念隐喻和认识模式,我们将指示语的认知模型定义为一个以说话人为原点,以空间、时间和情态为轴的笛卡儿坐标系,用矢量描写指示语在该系统中的语义结构。该模型涉及人称指示、空间指示、时间指示和情态指示,能够*大限度地涵盖指示现象。模型的结构和使用也以认知机制为基础,其中视角、空间隐喻和认识模式为模型基本结构的建立提供依据,而视角转移使模型以动态的方式解决问题。此外,概念隐喻使该模型的各层面存在关联,也使该模型成为一个有机系统。矢量的体现和运行也有其感知和神经生理基础,视角和远近空间差异决定矢量的方向和大小,而视角转移可以导致矢量的迁移、放大和缩小。
    文章节选
    1.1 Significance of the Study Diesis,as a universal language phenomenon, is an important topic in linguistic studies.From the end of the 19th century,philoso-phers and semanticists did intermittent researches on diesis.Until1934,Bailer's now-here-I system of subjective orientation laid the theoretical foundations for the study of diesis.In the subsequent1950s and 1960s,diesis jumped into the focus of pragmatics and Theo-recital linguistics.From the 1970s to the 1990s,a more comprehensive study of diesis was made by Lyons,Fillmore and Levin son,etc.These studies provide a considerably detailed description of diesis in its characteristics , definition, semantic feature,categorization and usage, but scatter in different linguists’academic papers and works without being fully developed in theoretical depth.Till now,there are still number of problems unsolved in de~is,among which lack of na-ture-based definition, deictic projection, and vague relations between categories of delis are most obvious.These problems are greatly dueto the underdeveloped theoretical framework of deixis. With the development of cognitive linguistics in recent years,some linguists adopted cognitive approaches to delis,including epistemic grounding, mental spaces,and field of vision.
    目录
    Acknowledgements
    Abstract
    摘要
    List of Figures
    Chapter 1 Introduction1
    1.1 Significance of the Study
    1.2 Research Objectives
    1.3 Research Methodology
    1.4 Organization of the Book

    Chapter 2 Traditional Studies on Deixis
    2.1 Main Contributions Made by Philosophers and Linguists
    2.2 General Description of Deixis
    2.2.1Characteristics ofDeixis
    2.2.2 Definition of Deixis
    2.2.3Semantic Features OfDeixis
    2.2.4Classification of Deixis
    2.2.5 Usages ofDeixis
    2.3Main Problems in the Traditional Studies
    2.3.1 Lack OfNature.based Definition
    2.3.2 Deictic Projection
    2.3.3 Vague Relations between Categories ofDeixis
    2.4 Summary

    Chapter 3 Cognitive Approaches to Deixis..20
    3.1 Introduction:Epistemic Basis of Deixis
    3.2 Epistemic Grounding
    3.2.1 Grounding Elements and Their Deictic Nature
    3.2.2 Types ofDeictic Expressions
    3.2.3 Cognitive Motivations ofDeictic Expressions
    3.3 Mental Spaces
    3.3.1Basic Ideas ofMental Spaces
    3.3.2 Application ofMental Spaces in the Study ofDeixis
    3.4 Vantage Point and Field of Vision
    3.5 Summary

    Chapter 4 Toward a Cognitive Model of Deixis
    4.1 Introduction:a Model Based on Situation and Cognition
    4.2 Cognitive Motivations for the Model
    4.2.1 Viewpoint and Viewpoint Shift
    4.2.2 Conceptual Metaphor
    4.2.3 Epistemic Models
    4.3 Structure of the Model
    4.3.1 A Three.axis Coordinate System
    4.3.2 Vector and Vector Space
    4.4 Summary

    Chapter 5 Semantic Configuration of Deixis in the Model
    5.1 Person Deixis
    5.1.1 Person Deixis on the Space Axis
    5.1.2 Deictic Projection between Persons
    5.2 Space Deixis
    5.2.1 Proximal/distal Relation on the Space Axis
    5.2.2Verbs of Morion
    5.2.3 Prepositions with Deictic Use
    5.3 Time Deixis
    5.3.1 Time Deictic Terms
    5.3.2 Tense
    5.4 Modal Deixis
    5.4.1 Degrees ofEpistemic Distance
    5.4.2Real Conditions and Unreal Conditions
    5.5 Summary

    Chapter 6 Reconsideration of Deixis from the Perspective of Cognition
    6.1 Definition and Semantic Features
    6.2 Subjectivity and Grammatical Features
    6.3 Deixis as a System and Its Model Structure
    6.4 Summary

    Chapter 7 Conclusions123
    7.1 Summary of the Study
    7.2 Major Findings of the Study
    7.3 Limitations and Suggestions for Further Studies
    Bibliography
    List of Figures
    3.1 Field of vision:participant roles j and you
    3.2 Field of vision:participant roles with two perspectives
    3.3 Field of vision:demonstratives this and that
    3.4 Field of vision:tenses
    4.1 Structure of the cognitive model of deixis60
    5.1 Personal pronouns and vocatives
    5.2 j is transferred into you
    5.3 Third person is transferred into we
    5.4 Demonstratives on the physical and psychological space axes
    5.5 Verbs of motion
    5.6 Configuration ofcoming
    5.7 Came with home base as reference point
    5.8 Come in a hypothetical space
    5.9 Configuration of infront of
    5.10 Prototypical time deictic terms
    5.11 Configuration ofyesterday with other reference point
    5.12 Present tense.past tense and future tense
    5.13 Past future.
    5.14 Historical present and present tense in a hypothetical space
    5.15 Present perfect
    5.16 Past perfect
    5.17 Future perfect
    5.18 Epistemic distance of modals
    5.19 Real and unreal conditions
    5.20 Unreal condition in the present
    5.21 Unreal condition in the past
    5.22 Unreal condition in the future
    tem model of deixis
    ……
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