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鲁滨逊漂流记(英文版)
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鲁滨逊漂流记(英文版)

  • 作者:[英] 丹尼尔·笛福
  • 出版社:江苏文艺出版社
  • ISBN:9787559421647
  • 出版日期:2019年04月01日
  • 页数:272
  • 定价:¥0.00
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    内容提要
    《鲁滨逊漂流记》是一部具有传奇色彩的回忆录式冒险小说,讲述了主人公鲁滨逊在海难中流落荒岛,在孤岛生活了28年并重返文明社会的故事。小说塑造了一个乐观积极、坚强不屈的主人公形象,并以这样的精神内涵激励着无数的阅读者。 小说采用**人称的写法,描写了出身于商人之家的鲁滨逊,不甘过平庸的生活,一心向往着充满冒险与挑战的海外生活,于是私自离家出海航行,去实现遨游世界的梦想,但每次都历尽艰险。小说的**部分写鲁滨逊离家三次航海的经历,在巴西买了种植园;第二部分是小说的主要部分,描写了鲁滨逊在一座荒无人烟的海岛上度过了28年孤独的时光;第三部分叙述他从荒岛回来后的事情,主要描写了他由陆路从葡萄牙回英国途中遭遇狼群的经历。
    文章节选
    【试读】
    THE PREFACE
    If ever the story of any man’s adventures in the world were worth making public, and were acceptable when published, the editor of this account thinks this will be so.
    The wonders of this man’s life exceed all that (he thinks) is to be found extant; the life of one man being scarce capable of a greater variety.
    The story is told with modesty, with seriousness and with a religious application of events to the uses to which wise man always apply them (viz.) to the instruction of others by this example, and to justify and honour the wisdom of Providence in all the variety of our circumstances, let them happen how they will.
    The editor believes the thing to be a just history of fact; neither is there any appearance of fiction in it. And however thinks, because all such things are dispatched, that the improvement of it, as well to the diversion as to the instruction of the reader, will be the same; and as such he thinks, without further compliment to the world, he does the a great service in the publication.
    Chapter 01
    START IN LIFE
    I was born in the year 1632, in the city of York, of a good family, though not of that country, my father being a foreigner of Bremen, who settled first at Hull.?He got a good estate by merchandise, and leaving off his trade, lived afterwards at York, from whence he had married my mother, whose relations were named Robinson, a very good family in that country, and from whom I was called Robinson Kreutznaer; but, by the usual corruption of words in England, we are now called, nay, we call ourselves and write our name—Crusoe; and so my companions always called me.
    I had two elder brothers, one of whom was lieutenant-colonel to an English regiment of foot in Flanders, formerly commanded by the famous Colonel Lockhart, and was killed at the battle near Dunkirk against the Spaniards.?What became of my second brother I never knew, any more than my father or mother knew what became of me.
    Being the third son of the family and not bred to any trade, my head began to be filled very early with rambling thoughts.?My father, who was very ancient, had given me a competent share of learning, as far as house-education and a country free school generally go, and designed me for the law; but I would be satisfied with nothing but going to sea; and my inclination to this led me so strongly against the will, nay, the commands of my father, and against all the entreaties and persuasions of my mother and other friends, that there seemed to be something fatal in that propensity of nature, tending directly to the life of misery which was to befall me.
    My father, a wise and grave man, gave me serious and excellent counsel against what he foresaw was my design.?He called me one morning into his chamber, where he was confined by the gout, and expostulated very warmly with me upon this subject.?He asked me what reasons, more than a mere wandering inclination I had for leaving father’s house and my native country, where I might be well introduced, and had a prospect of raising my fortune by application and industry, with a life of ease and pleasure.?He told me it was men of desperate fortunes on one hand, or of aspiring, superior fortunes on the other, who went abroad upon adventures, to rise by enterprise, and make themselves famous in undertakings of a nature out of the common road; that these things were all either too far above me or too far below me; that mine was the middle state, or what might be called the upper station of low life, which he had found, by long experience, was the best state in the world, the most suited to human happiness, not exposed to the miseries and hardships, the labour and sufferings of the mechanic part of mankind, and not embarrassed with the pride, luxury, ambition, and envy of the upper part of mankind.?He told me I might judge of the happiness of this state by this one thing—viz., that this was the state of life which all other people envied; that kings have frequently lamented the miserable consequence of being born to great things, and wished they had been placed in the middle of the two extremes, between the mean and the great; that the wise man gave his testimony to this, as the standard of felicity, when he prayed to have neither poverty nor riches.
    ……
    目录
    001 - THE PREFACE 002 - Chapter 01 START IN LIFE 014 - Chapter 02 SLAVERY AND ESCAPE 025 - Chapter 03 WRECKED ON A DESERT ISLAND 041 - Chapter 04 FIRST WEEKS ON THE ISLAND 060 - Chapter 05 BUILDS A HOUSE—THE JOURNAL 072 - Chapter 06 ILL AND CONSCIENCE-STRICKEN 085 - Chapter 07 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIENCE 094 - Chapter 08 SURVEYS HIS POSITION 104 - Chapter 09 A BOAT 119 - Chapter 10 TAMES GOATS 130 - Chapter 11 FINDS PRINT OF MAN’S FOOT ON THE SAND 142 - Chapter 12 A CAVE RETREAT 157 - Chapter 13 WRECK OF A SPANISH SHIP 169 - Chapter 14 A DREAM REALISED 184 - Chapter 15 FRIDAY’S EDUCATION 198 - Chapter 16 RESCUE OF PRISONERS FROM CANNIBALS 213 - Chapter 17 VISIT OF MUTINEERS 227 - Chapter 18 THE SHIP RECOVERED 242 - Chapter 19 RETURN TO ENGLAND 256 - Chapter 20 FIGHT BETWEEN FRIDAY AND A BEAR
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